People who appreciate plant-based high protein foods are probably already familiar with tofu, one of the most widely available vegan protein foods.
But lately you may have seen tokwa in your favorite stores and recipes, and may be wondering what are the similarities and differences between tofu vs. tokwa.
Can tofu and tokwa be used in the same way, and which one should you choose for your favorite foods? Read on to find out more.
Table of Contents
What Is Tofu?
Tofu is a soybean food that dates back to the Han Dynasty in China, over 2,000 years ago. The name “tofu” is a Japanese pronunciation of Chinese “doufu”.
Soy beans are soaked, ground, cooked, and filtered to make a milky liquid. The soy milk is then coagulated into curds, and the curds are pressed into the familiar brick shape.
Tofu has a mild flavor that easily absorbs the flavors of spices, sauces, and marinades, making it a very versatile ingredient.
Many people prefer extra firm tofu as a plant-based protein in recipes, because the firmer texture gives it a chewy, satisfying mouthfeel.
What Is Tokwa?
Tokwa is the Filipino name for tofu. Like tofu, tokwa is made of soy milk that has been coagulated into a cheese-like form.
Tokwa is an essential ingredient in a wide range of traditional foods in the Philippines, and appears in many regional recipes and dishes.
Tokwa usually looks slightly different from tofu when it’s purchased at the store. Instead of a rectangular, brick shape, tokwa is often square in shape.
It has a more noticeable, smooth, pale golden “skin” on the outside. It has a slightly tangier flavor than tofu, and is denser. Tokwa is usually similar in texture to extra firm tofu.
What Are the Similarities Between Tofu and Tokwa?
Here are the key similarities between tofu and tokwa:
- Ingredients and preparation. Both tofu and tokwa are made from coagulated and compressed soy milk, formed into a brick shape.
- Uses and recipes. Tokwa can be cooked in the exact same way and used interchangeably with extra firm tofu. Both tofu and tokwa will absorb the flavors of spices and marinades, and are versatile, easy-to-prepare foods.
- Nutrition. Both tofu and tokwa are high protein, low fat, plant-based foods.
What Are the Differences Between Tofu and Tokwa?
Here are the key differences between tofu and tokwa:
- Firmness. While tofu is available in a wide range of firmness and texture, tokwa is usually only prepared and pressed in one way, to an extra-firm consistency.
- Flavor. Tokwa has a slightly more pronounced, tangy flavor than tofu. Its firmness also means that it is slightly less porous, and thus less flavor-absorbent than tofu.
- Exterior skin. Tokwa usually has a slightly thicker, more visible “skin” on the outside than tofu has.
Summary Table: Tofu vs. Tokwa
|Made from Coagulated Soy Milk||Yes||Yes|
|High-protein, Nutritious, Plant-based foods||Yes||Yes|
|Absorbs Flavors from Other Ingredients||Yes||Yes|
|Firm Texture that Withstands Stir-frying||Only firm varieties||Yes|
For people who prefer firm, extra firm, or super firm tofu, tokwa is an excellent substitute.
It’s already firmer and dryer than most forms of tofu, so it cooks quickly and has a satisfying texture, especially with the thicker external skin.
Both firm varieties of tofu and tokwa are denser, so they are less flavor-absorbing than softer types of tofu. They benefit from longer marinades and stronger seasoning.
Essentially, tokwa is simply the Filipino name for tofu, and it is prepared in the Philippines in much the same way that tofu is traditionally prepared.
You can easily substitute tokwa for tofu in stir-fry and other recipes that require extra-firm tofu.
Or, if tokwa is harder to find in your local market, you can still enjoy a huge range of traditional foods from the Philippines by simply substituting extra firm tofu for tokwa. Both foods are nutritious, delicious, and incredibly versatile.